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Woven and Knotted Bed Rug

Origin: Wales (possibly)
66 1/2" w x 57" l
Wool with Turkey knot patterning
Museum Purchase
Acc. No. 1972-369
This is a woven and knotted bed rug consisting of two widths of golden-yellow twill wool, seamed together. The surface is patterned in equilateral triangles with wool Turkey knots consisting of 6 strands of Z2S ply wool. The pattern alternates blue-green and red triangles, outlined with golden yellow, with white knots at the angles. Outer border consist of repeated diamonds (partly worn away at edges) worked in blue-green outlined with white. A panel in the edge, near the center seam, has the date 1807 worked with knots.

Technical information: The textile is woven in 2/2 twill, with approximately 19 warps to the inch and 11 pairs of wefts to the inch. All yarns are Z2S twist. Except for the guard border, all knots are in off-set rows approximately 2 pairs of wefts and 4 warps apart. The knots are constructed on two adjacent warps in a Turkish (Ghiordes) knot, with ends evenly clipped.
Label:Bed rugs were heavy, woolen bedcovers intended for warmth. They were made in several different techniques including embroidered with stitches that covered the entire surface and loom-woven and knotted like this one. Williamsburg merchants sold rugs imported from Great Britain—popular colors being blue, green, and spotted, perhaps like this Welsh rug.
Provenance:Purchased from antique dealer in Oxfordshire, England in 1972, who cataloged it as "Welsh"; no further provenance is known.